Uses of Chlorine

Chlorine chemistry has transformed the world in ways that may surprise you. From your medicine cabinet to your car to the dinner table, learn how chlorine is the ultimate element of surprise.

Food & Water

  • Food & Water

    The safe water and abundant food we take for granted is made possible with the help of chlorine chemistry. When you take a drink of water, chlorine chemistry helps ensure you quench your thirst without getting sick. It also allows you to take a dip in the pool to cool off on a hot summer day without worrying about waterborne diseases. Chlorine chemistry plays a vital role in protecting crops from pests and keeping kitchen counters disinfected – which helps provide safe and abundant meals for your family.

    • Crop Protection
      Products: 

      Herbicides, insecticides, fungicides

      Made From: 

      Glyphosate, metolachlor-S, acetochlor, atrazine, mesotrione

    • Drinking Water & Waste Water Treatment
      Products: 

      Drinking water, waste water treatment

      Made From: 

      Chlorine, sodium and calcium hypochlorite, chloramines, chlorine dioxide

    • Food Safety
      Products: 

      Food and food-contact surface sanitizers

      Made From: 

      Sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite, chlorine dioxide, chlorine

    • Swimming Pools
      Products: 

      Swimming Pools

      Made From: 

      Chlorine, sodium and calcium hypochlorite, chlorinated isocyanates

Healthcare

  • Healthcare

    Chlorine chemistry can help you stay healthy and treat you when you’re sick. It can help you see better, enable asthma sufferers to breathe deeper, and help protect hospital patients from harmful infections. Chlorine chemistry serves as an essential building block for more than 88 percent of pharmaceuticals that treat everything from high cholesterol to allergies. In emergencies, healthcare providers depend on the products of chlorine chemistry – including blood bags, medical devices and surgical stitches.

    • Pharmaceuticals
      Products: 

      Ibuprofen, allergy medication, acetaminophen, vitamins, aspirin, brand name and generic medications that treat high cholesterol, heart burn, depression, asthma and heart disease

      Made From: 

      Ferric chloride, benzoyl chloride, ethyl chloride, sodium hypochlorite, allyl chloride, sodium chloroacetate, sodium phenolate, chloracetic acid, hydrazine, propylene oxide, silicones, hydrochlorides, trichloroacetaldehyde, EDTA, sodium cyanide

    • Respiratory Inhalers
      Products: 

      Aerosol propellants for asthma, COPD and other respiratory conditions

      Made From: 

      Hydrofluoroalkanes

    • Medical Equipment & Supplies
      Products: 

      Blood bags, surgical stitches and membranes, medical devices, disinfectants, artificial joints

      Made From: 

      PVC, silicones, nylon, bleach, chlorhexidine titanium alloy

    • Vision Products
      Products: 

      Soft contact lenses, eyeglass/sunglass lenses, safety glasses

      Made From: 

      Silicones, polycarbonate

Defense & Law Enforcement

  • Defense & Law Enforcement

    Chlorine chemistry is the first line of defense for our first line of defense — the brave men and women who serve and protect us. Bullet-resistant vests, helmets and glass, along with riot shields help protect police officers and soldiers who put their lives on the line to keep us safe. From night-vision goggles to cockpit canopies in jet fighters, chlorine chemistry helps our soldiers complete their missions safely and effectively.

    • Military Equipment
      Products: 

      Fuel cells, night-vision goggles, rocket propellants, cockpit canopies for jet fighters, missile guidance hardware, carbon-reinforced polymers

      Made From: 

      Polycarbonate, aramid fibers, hydrazine, silicon, epoxy resins

    • Protective Equipment
      Products: 

      Bullet-resistant vests and helmets, bullet-resistant glass, riot shields and visors

      Made From: 

      Aramid fibers, polycarbonate

    • Life-Saving Equipment
      Products: 

      Blood bags, surgical stitches, disinfectants

      Made From: 

      PVC, nylon, chlorhexidine, silicones

    • Intelligence & Surveillance
      Products: 

      Surveillance cameras, unmanned aerial vehicles

      Made From: 

      Silicon

Transportation

  • Transportation

    Chlorine chemistry helps get you where you need to go. Chlorine chemistry produces lightweight plastics that help improve fuel economy. Seat cushions derived from chlorine chemistry help keep you comfortable during long rides. Bumpers and airbags can help save your life. Recline your seat, peer out the shatterproof window and glance at the wing of an airplane with the peace of mind that chlorine chemistry can help get you home safely.

    • Aerospace
      Products: 

      Jet engine shaft, engine nacelle, wing structure, shatter-resistant windows, wire and cable, fuselage

      Made From: 

      Titanium metal, aluminum, polycarbonate, epoxy resin, fluoropolyers and elastomers

    • Railroads & Subways
      Products: 

      Seat cushions, wire and cable, shatter- resistant windows

      Made From: 

      Polycarbonate, polyurethanes, silicones

    • Automobiles
      Products: 

      Seat cushions and seat covers, wire and cables, headlamp lenses, tire cord, bumpers, sealants, paint, fan belts, air bags, brake fluids

      Made From: 

      PVC, polyurethanes, polycarbonate, silicones, titanium dioxide, sodium azide

    • Boats & Cargo Ships
      Products: 

      Steel hull, wiring, seat cushions, navigation systems, ropes

      Made From: 

      Hydrochloric acid, PVC, polyurethanes, high purity silicon, nylon

Building & Construction

  • Building & Construction

    When you come home, chlorine chemistry is waiting to greet you. From insulated vinyl siding to energy-efficient window and door frames to the gutters on your roof, chlorine chemistry helps protect you from the elements. Inside the walls, electrical insulation and PVC pipes safely deliver electricity and water to your home. Chlorine chemistry is also right in your own backyard. Garden hoses, fences, awnings, decks and durable lawn furniture help bring gardens to life while providing the perfect setting for backyard barbeques – all with the help of chlorine chemistry.

    • Building Materials
      Products: 

      Vinyl siding, gutters, gutter leaf guards, window and door frames, paints, coatings, window screens, power tool housings

      Made From: 

      PVC, titanium dioxide, polyurethane, dichlorobutane, methyl chloride

    • Pipe & Cable
      Products: 

      Electrical insulation, PVC pipes

      Made From: 

      PVC

    • Backyard
      Products: 

      Garden hoses, fences, decks, awnings

      Made From: 

      PVC, ethylene chlorohydrin

    • Do It Yourself
      Products: 

      Paint, caulking, power tool housings

      Made From: 

      Titanium dioxide, silicone, dichlorophenyl sulfone

Energy & Environment

  • Energy & Environment

    Chlorine chemistry helps power your home, business and car while simultaneously reducing your overall energy needs by being a core element of conservation technologies. New advances in alternative energy – including the production of solar panels, wind turbine blades and hybrid batteries – depend on chlorine chemistry. Conserving energy is just as important. Chlorine chemistry helps produce light-weight automobiles and aircraft materials that improve fuel economy while insulation derived from chlorine chemistry helps keep you comfortable in your home and at work.

    • Wind Energy
      Products: 

      Turbine blades, high performance magnets

      Made From: 

      Epoxy resins, neodymium magnets

    • Energy Conservation
      Products: 

      Wall and ceiling insulation, lightweight automobile and aircraft materials

      Made From: 

      Isocyanates, polyisocyanurates, PVC, polycarbonate, titanium, aluminum

    • Solar Energy
      Products: 

      Solar panels

      Made From: 

      High purity silicon

    • Innovative Energy Production
      Products: 

      Hybrid car batteries, casing for nuclear fuel rods

      Made From: 

      Nickel hydride, potassium hydroxide, zirconium

Advanced Technology

  • Advanced Technology

    While technology moves fast, chlorine chemistry helps it move even faster. Tablet computers, laptops and even smartphones depend on chlorine chemistry for fast processors and network access. From environmentally friendly refrigerants that help keep you comfortable at home and work to high precision lasers and nuclear batteries, chlorine chemistry is driving the next generation of high-tech innovations.

    • Digital Technology & Communications
      Products: 

      High speed communication cables, computers, cell phones, PDAs, PC boards, satellite guidance

      Made From: 

      Silicon wafers and chips, trichlorosilane, epoxy resins

    • Fluorpolymers & Elastomers
      Products: 

      Non-stick cookware, wire and cable insulation, seals and fittings in aerospace

      Made From: 

      Polytetrafluoroethylene, polyethylene

    • Rare Earth Materials
      Products: 

      Aerospace components, catalysts, high performance magnets, hybrid car batteries, nuclear batteries, lasers, masers

      Made From: 

      Dysprosium, neodymium, europium, indium

    • Environmentally-Friendly Refrigerants
      Products: 

      Residential and commercial air conditioning, mobile systems, chillers

      Made From: 

      HCFC-22, HFC-134a, R-410A